The Speaker is the first officer of the House. At the national level he ranks third in the official order of precedence after the President and the Vice-President. The Speaker is elected by Members from among persons who are MPs or who qualify to be elected as Members of Parliament. The first business that is conducted in a new Parliament is the election of the Speaker.
A Member of Parliament shall vacate his seat if he is elected as a Speaker. The Speakers of the First, Second and Third Parliaments of the Fourth Republic were all elected from outside the membership of Parliament.
• The Speaker presides over all plenary sittings of Parliament. The Speaker’s ruling cannot be challenged except on a substantive motion. It is the responsibility of the Speaker to:
• Act as the spokesperson of the House in its relations with the State, the President, the Council of State and other authorities outside Parliament and the Republic; and
• Enforce adherence to all the Standing Orders of the House for the preservation of order and the conduct of its business.
• In performing his duties the Speaker exhibits the highest sense of fairness and impartiality.
• The Speaker chairs the Parliamentary Service Board and as such has over-all responsibility for the internal functioning of the House and management of the Parliamentary Service.
Profile of the Speaker of Parliament Prof. Mike Aaron Oquaye
Date and Place of birth
Prof. Aaron Mike Oquaye was born in Osu, Accra to E. G. N Oquaye of Osu and Felicia Awusika Abla Oquaye (née Azu) of Odumase-Krobo. He was brought up at Asamankese in the Eastern Region.
Prof. Aaron Mike Oquaye attended the Roman Catholic Primary School and Presbyterian Middle School before proceeding to Presbyterian Boys' Secondary (PRESEC), at Odumase-Krobo, and Apam Secondary School.
Having obtained the GCE "O" and "A" Level Certificates, he entered the University of Ghana and later the University of London, at Lincoln's Inn, London. He holds B.A. (Hons.) Political Science, L.L.B. (Hons.), B.L. and PhD. He is a qualified solicitor and barrister, as well as the founder and senior partner of his own law firm. He is a barrister of the Supreme Court of England and Wales, a senior member of the Ghana Bar Association, and a solicitor for some leading companies and financial institutions.
He is a professor of Political science at the University of Ghana, (Legon), and was previously the Head of the Department of Political Science and member of the University's Academic Board, the highest authority at the level of the faculties. He received his Ph.D from School of Oriental and African Studies in London, as well as winning the Rockefeller Senior Scholar Award in 1993 and the Senior Fulbright Scholar Award in 1997. He has been a visiting lecturer at George Mason University in Virginia. From 1997 to 1999, he was Vice-President of the African Association of Political Science (AAPS), based in Zimbabwe.
As a student at the University of Ghana, Oquaye joined the campaign for the J. B. Danquah/Kofi Abrefa Busia cause. He strongly supported Busia's call for quick return to civilian rule to prevent the militarization of the state and, along with his family, helped to establish the Progress Party in Osu in 1969.
The United Party-Progress Party tradition led to the foundation, in 1992, of the New Patriotic Party (NPP), with Oquaye as a founding member. He was the first Regional Secretary of NPP for Greater Accra in 1992, and also the first Chairman of the Party for the Ga District Rural Constituency, which later split into Ga West District and Ga East District. He was the secretary of the Research Committee and a member of the first National Campaign Team of the NPP in the third quarter of 1992.
He worked with other central NPP figures, including President John Kufuor, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, R. R. Amponsah, Prof. Adu-Boahen, Peter Ala Adjetey, B. J. da Rocha and Odoi Sykes to campaign successfully for the NPP victory in the 2000 general elections. His role in the party's success, which involved journalistic contributions and involvement in other activities of the party between 1993 and 2000, is considered significant.
From 2001 to 2004, Mr. Oquaye served as Ghana's High Commissioner to India. In February 2005 he became Minister of Energy, and later he was moved to the post of Minister of Communications.
Prof. Oquaye was the NPP Member of Parliament for Dome-Kwabenya for two terms from 2004 to 2012. He decided not to go for another term. From 2008 to 2012, Mike Oquaye was the Second Deputy Speaker of Ghana's Parliament. He was succeeded by Joe Ghartey in the 6th parliament of the 4th Republic.
Start Datte : 1/6/2017 12:00:00 AM End Date : 1/6/2021 12:00:00 AM