The West Gonja Municipal is one of the 260 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and forms part of the 7 MMDAs in the Savannah Region. With its administrative capital at Damango, it was established in 2004 by  a new legislative instrument (L.I.1775).

West Gonja Municipal is located to the west of Tamale, the Northern Regional capital of Ghana and it lays within longitude 10 5 1 and 20 581 west and latitude 80 321 and 100 2 1 North. The Municipality has a total land area of 4715.9sqkm and about 30% of the Municipality’s land represents forest reserves and Mole National Park.

It also shares boundaries to the south with Central Gonja District, Bole and Sawla-Tuna-Kalba Districts to the west, Wa East District to the north-west and North Gonja District to the east.

The population of the Municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 41,180 with 20,681 males and 20,499 females.