Talensi District formerly known as Talensi-Nabdam District forms part of the fifteen (15) Municipalities and Districts in the Upper East Region. The Administrative capital of the District is Tongo.

The District shares boundaries with Nabdam District to the North, Bolgatanga Municipal to the West, East Mamprusi  District to the South East,  West Mamprusi District to the South West and Bawku West to the East.

The district lies between latitude 10o15' and 10o60' North of the equator and longitude 0o31' and 1o05' West of the Greenwich meridian. It has a land area of 838.4 km2.

The population of the District according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 81,194 with 40,831 males and 40,363 females.