The climatic conditions in the district conform to the general conditions that prevail within the middle belt of Ghana. Monthly mean temperature is around 26°C, although some areas record lower figures. Maximum temperatures of between 29°C and 31°C are recorded in March and April, whilst minimum temperatures of 21°C and 23°C are experienced in August. Double maxima rainfall is experienced in a year.
The major rainy season starts in April and ends in July, whilst the minor seasons begins in September and ends in early November. June is the wettest month of the year. Rainfall distribution is not even in the district and it is heavier in the southern parts than in the northern parts. The relatively low-lying nature of northern parts accounts for floods that occur during the rainy season. Humidity is high during the wet months of the year and low during the dry months. Relative humidity within the district averages about 80 percent in the southern part and 60 percent for the northern portion.
The Southern part of the district is covered with moist semi-deciduous forest. Within this area can be found the Boumfum Forest Reserve and the Bomfobiri Nature Reserve. Extensive burning has virtually destroyed the Boumfum Reserve. Some areas of the reserve has however been replanted with teak. The northern part is generally covered with guinea savanna and consists of short deciduous fire resistant trees.
The bottom lands, flood plains of the larger rivers, streams and swampy sites within the areas are covered with dense stands of Anthropogenic Chloral Association of Forests. Basically, the vegetation consists of transitional and forest zones. The transitional zone covers 70 percent and the forest zone takes 30 percent. Riverine forests also occur along the Afram River and streams of the savanna zone.
Date Created : 11/29/2017 2:43:02 AM