Location and physical condition
The Atebubu Amantin Municipal is one of the eleven MMDAs in the Bono East Region of Ghana. It is located between latitudes 7o23” N and 8o22” N and longitudes 0o 30’W and 1o 26’W.
Atebubu Amantin Municipal shares boundaries with the Pru West District to the north, the Sene West District to the west and Nkoranza North District to the east all in Bono East Region. To the south, it is bounded by three districts in the Ashanti Region namely Ejura Sekyedumase Municipal, Sekyere East District and Sekyere West District. The Municipal capital (Atebubu) is about 155km from Kumasi and 144 km from the regional capital, Techiman.
The Municipal has a surface area of about 2605 square kilometers.
The rocks underlying the municipal are part of the voltaian formation which covers about two-fifths of the surface area of Ghana. The rock belonging to formation are manly sedimentary and exhibits horizonal alignments. Examples include; sandstones, shale, mudstones and limestones.
In terms of relief, the municipal has a plain landscape with rolling and undulating land surface a general elevation of between 60-300 meters above sea level. It is not associated with any significant highlands. The area is mainly drained by the Pru River which is a right tributary to the Volta Lake. Other important streams include the Nyomo and the Bresuo Rivers. The sluggish flow of these rivers permits the depositing of alluvial soils of the river beds and along their banks. The fertile nature of the soils is a great potential for increased food production in the municipality. this the reason why the Municipality is noted as a food basket in the country.
The water table in the municipal is however very low resulting in the drying up of water bodies including wells, boreholes, streams most especially during the dry season. Water from the Pru river is currently being treated and supplied to the inhabitants of Atebubu Township and other surrounding communities.
On climate, the municipal experiences the tropical continental or the interior savanna type of climate; which is a modified form of the wet semi-equatorial type of climate. This due to location of the municipal in the transitional zone between the two major climates in Ghana. The total annual rainfall is between 800mm and 1300mm and occurs in two seasons. The first rainy season begins April or May whilst the second season begins at July or August. The difference between the minor and major season is hardly noticed because of the transitional nature of the area. The mean monthly temperature ranges from 30° C in March and to as low at 24° C in August. Mean annual temperature ranges between 26.5° C and 27.2° C. In extreme cases, temperature rise to about 40° C. The municipal comes under the influence of the Northeast Trade Winds (Harmattan) between November and February). The municipal climate is hardly stable therefore making it difficult to predict the rainfall pattern.
On vegetation, the Municipality falls within the interior wooded savanna or tree savanna. However, owing to its transitional nature, the area does not totally exhibit typical savanna conditions. The savanna is heavily wooded, though most of the trees are not as tall and gigantic as those in the moist deciduous forest. It is believed that the transitional zone was once forested and that the savanna conditions currently prevailing have been the result of human activities. This may be evidenced by the existence of “fringe forests” found along the banks of rivers and streams and other areas where the impact of human activities is minimal. Common trees species found outside the few dotted fringe forests include the baobab, the dawadawa, acacia and the Shea nut trees, which have adapted to this environment.
Soils in the Municipal belong to a group called “groundwater lateritic soils” which cover nearly three-fifths of the interior wooded savanna zone of Ghana. These soils are formed mainly over Voltaian, shales and granites. Most of the soils are fine-textured, ranging from fine sandy loams to clayey loams, and are mostly poorly drained. Crops that can potentially be supported by these soils include rice, vegetables, yams, cassava, maize, sorghum, groundnuts, soya beans, cowpeas and tobacco.
Date Created : 11/29/2017 1:42:43 AM