Population Size and Density
The population was 91,415 (2000 population census). With a growth rate of 3%, the projected population as at March 2006 is about 109,442. This is broken down into 49% male and 51% female. With a land area of 1790.7 sq. km., the population density is about 61 Persons per sq. km.
Households are predominantly male-headed. The proportion of female-headed households was 3.1%. In 2004, it rose to about 3.6% and subsequently to about 5.5% in 2005. The average household size is 8.7 with the smallest household comprising one member and the largest household having 47 members
Human settlement patterns
There are 149 communities in the District. The communities are administratively demarcated into one urban/town Council (Savelugu, the district capital) and five Area Councils, namely, Nanton, Diare, Pong-Tamale, Moglaa and Tampion. The 143 other communities could be described as rural. Nearly 80% of the populace resides in these rural communities and 20% in the few urban towns.
The Municipality is located in an area of the country with unfavourable natural environmental conditions. There is little tree-cover and it suffers harsh harmattan seasons, which leads to many bush-fires set up by farmers clearing their lands and hunters searching for game. The greatest threat however is the rate at which the tree vegetation is being cut down for fuel wood. Farming along river courses has also caused vast silting of the few drainage systems which therefore dry up quickly in the dry season and flood easily in the wet season.
Recent gravel winning on good farmlands alongside the major trunk road and sand winning for which a greater percentage is used for construction work in Tamale without efforts at reclamation is an issue of concern. Public places of convenience are inadequate and scarce in the area leading to indiscriminate defecation and waste disposal. The problems of poor disposal of solid and liquid wastes, slum conditions and sewage degradation of the physical environments are becoming a nuisance.
Date Created : 11/18/2017 8:03:36 AM