Greater Accra

Ashaiman Municipal

Social Characteristics

Introduction
The welfare of the people, the community and the nation can be better understood in the light of the household groups and their characteristics, marital status, nationality, religious affiliation, literacy and educational status. This chapter discusses the household size, household composition and headship, marital status, nationality, religious affiliation, literacy and educational status of the population of Ashaiman Municipality.
 
 Household Size, Composition and Headship
The size, structure and composition of households are influenced by social, economic and demographic factors while the total size of a population and its characteristics are in effect largely a reflection of what pertains at the household level.
Table 3.1 provides information on household size in the municipality. The municipality has an average household per house of 2.9 and an average household size of 3.7, less than the regional average household size of 3.8 percent. The municipality is entirely urban with an urban household size of 3.7

 

 

Table 3.2 shows the household population in relationship to head of household. The total household population of The Ashaiman Municipality is 185,804. Twelve (12) out of 100 household members are spouses (husband/wife) and 38 out of 100 household members are children. The remaining 23 percent comprise relatives, other relatives and non-relatives. The picture basically shows that, a household in the municipality consist of the head, spouse and children. Again, 38 out of 100 household have male heads and only 16 out of 100 household have female household heads in the municipality (Table 3.2).

 

 

Table 3.3 shows household composition by sex. Forty-nine (49) out of 100 household members form a nuclear family whiles the remaining fifty-one (51) out of every 100 household members form the extended family in the municipality.


This presupposes that there are more extended family relations in the Municipality than the nuclear family. Households comprising head, spouse(s) and children only (Nuclear family) had the highest population representing 30.7 percent and single parent plus non-relative (Extended family) constitute the least proportion of 1.3 percent.

 

 

Marital Status

Marriage is associated with population dynamics as it affects the processes and levels of fertility and, to some extent, mortality and migration. Table 3.4 displays the population of Ashaiman Municipality of persons 12 years and older by age group and marital status. From the table, a total population of 140,688 in the municipality who are 12 years and older are engaged in some form of marital characteristics.


Forty-six percent of this number have never married, 40.8 percent are formally married (customary, church or ordinance) whilst 1.6 percent are separated. It is interesting to note that approximately seven (7) out of every hundred (100) persons (age group 12-14) in the municipality are formally married and none formerly married (separated, divorced or widowed).

The trend for never married population in the municipality declines as age increases while the trend of married population increase with age until age group 50-54 where the trend tends to decrease due to deaths, divorce or misunderstanding among spouse. The table also reveals that the percentage of widowed and divorced increases with age (directly related).

 

 

Marital status and level of education
The level of education one attains before marriage is key to the socio-economic status of the family and is a good measure of development in a developing country like Ghana. Generally, when spouse(s) are educated, they tend to have better planned families.

 

Table 3.5 shows that a little over half of the population 12 years and older who are never married have attained Basic School education (Primary, Middle and JSS/JHS) and approximately 3 out of 100 of that group of persons have attained Tertiary education.

 

The data also shows that, the percentage of persons 12 years and older who have no education in the municipality is highest among the widowed 46.2 percent. Additionally there are more widowed females without basic education than males 46.2 percent as compared with males 21.9 percent.

 

 

Marital status and economic activity
Table 3.6 presents marital status of persons 12 years and older by economic activity status of Ashaiman Municipality. It can be observed that, out of a population of 140,688, 12 years and older, 64 percent are employed and approximately six percent are unemployed but are economically active. About (30.1%) are economically not active.


Of the total who are never married, about seven percent (7.1%) are unemployed and 47.8 are economically not active with those. Out of a total of 7,729 in informal/consensual union/living together, about 80 percent are employed with almost 13 percent (12.7%) being economically not active.

 
While 66.9 percent of the males in this category are employed, 27.4 percent not economically active, among the males 89.0 percent of persons 12 years and older who are in an informal/consensual union/living together are employed whiles about seven percent are economically not active. In the female category 67.3 percent are economically active 2hile among those separated about 87 percent are economically active and seven percent being unemployed.

 

 

 Nationality
Nationality is defined as the country to which a person belongs. Ghanaian nationals are classified as Ghanaian by birth and by naturalization. Table 3.7 shows that approximately 9 out of 10 persons in the Ashaiman Municipality are Ghanaians by birth and one out of hundred persons is Ghanaian by naturalization. Thus Ashaiman Municipality is composed largely of Ghanaians with only 2.3 percent of the population being foreigners.

 

 

Religious Affiliation
Table 3.8 presents population of Ashaiman Municipality by religious affiliation and sex. The population of the municipality is dominated by Christians (Catholic, Protestant, Pentecostal/Charismatic and other Christians) who are represented approximately by four out of every five persons. Moslems constitute the second largest group (16.5 %) and traditionalist the least (0.4 %) in the municipality. The case is not different with the sex disaggregated data displayed except that there are more Christian females (81.7 %) than Christian males (77.1%).