The Agona West Municipal can be found in the eastern portion of the Central Region. It has a total land area of 540-sq. km. and a population of 160,000. The municipality is divided into eleven zones. It lies within latitudes 5 30’ and 5 50N and longitudes 0 3.5’ and 0 55W. The area is bounded to the East and West by /Effutu Municipal and Asikum/Odoben/Brakwa Districts respectively. The municipality shares a border to the northeast with Akim West Municipal, to the northwest with Birim-South District and to the South, with Gomoa District. The Municipality was established by the Legislative Instrument (L.I) 1920
Agona West Municipal, Swedru as the capital and has a population of about 40,000. It lies to the north of Winneba and is about 40 km. off the main Accra-Takoradi Highway. The location of the township makes it the commercial center or the region and a modal point from which roads radiate to the rich cocoa growing countryside of the Region. Has a total land area of 667 square kilometres.
The population of the Municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 115,358 with 54,159 male and 61,199 female.