The District is one of the eleven Districts that make up the Upper West Region and it was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I) 2099. It lies in the north western corner of the Upper West Region in Ghana between Long. 2°25 W and 2°45W and Lat. 10°20 and 11°00. It is bounded to East and south by the Jirapa/Lambussie District and to the North and West by the Republic of Burkina Faso. The total area of the District is put at 1051.2 square km. This constitutes about 5.7% of the Region’s total land area, which is estimated at 18,476 square km.
The population of the municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 54,889 with 26,346 males and 26,543 females.