Ekumfi District with its Administrative capital Essarkyir was carved from Mfantseman and forms part of the new districts and municipalities created in the year 2012 and were inaugurated at their various locations simultaneously on the 28th June, 2012. The President H.E. J.E.A Mills, by an Executive Instrument (E.I) created 46 new Districts. All the inaugurated and confirmed MMDAs established are operational with immediate effect hence bringing the total number of MMDAs to 216. The District was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I) 2027 The District forms part of twenty (20) Metropolitan, Municipalities and Districts in the Central Region of Ghana. The District shares boundaries with Mfantiman Municipal to the East, to the North with Abura-Asebu Kwamankese , to the West with Cape Coast Metropolitan and to the South with the Gulf of Guinea.
The population of the district according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 52,231 with 24,102 male and 28,129 female.