Berekum Municipal came into existence as a semiautonomous spatial unit by virtue of the decentralization policy adopted by the Government in 1988. Geographically, the Municipality can be located in the Western part of Ghana in the Brong-Ahafo Region. It lies between latitude 7’15’ South and 8.00’ North and longitudes 2’25’ East and 2’50’ West. The Municipal Assembly was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I) 1874
The Municipality shares boundaries with Wenchi Municipal and Jaman District to the Northeast and Northwest respectively, Dormaa Municipal to the South and Sunyani District to the East.
The population of the district according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 129,628 with 59,869 males 69,759 females.