Kpandai district was curved out of the East Gonja district on 29th of February 2008 by an Act of Parliament through a Legislative Instrument (L.I) 1845 and is the highest Administrative and Political authority within its sphere of influence and jurisdiction. The President by an Executive Instrument (E.I) created 27 new Districts, 4 Municipalities, Upgraded 26 existing Districts and 2 existing Municipalities. All the inaugurated and confirmed MMDAs established are operational with immediate effect from the day they were inaugurated .It has kpandai as its administrative capital. The district shares boundaries with East Gonja to the west, Nanumba South to the north, Nkwanta North and Nkwanta South to the East and Krachi West to the south. Kpandai,is the administrative capital.
The population of the district according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 108,816 with 54,997 males and 53,819 females.