Ga Central Municipal with its capital Sowutuom was carved from Ga South Municipal and forms part of the new districts and municipalities created in the year 2012 and were inaugurated at their various locations simultaneously on the 28th June, 2012. The President H.E. J.E.A Mills, by an Executive Instrument (E.I) created 46 new Districts. All the inaugurated and confirmed MMDAs established are operational with immediate effect hence bringing the total number of MMDAs to 216. The Municipality was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I) 2036.The Municipality forms part of sixteen (16) Metropolis, municipalities and Districts in the Greater Accra Region. The Municipality shares boundaries with Ga South municipal, Ga West municipal and Accra Metropolitan respectively.
The population of the Municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 117,220 with 57,321 males and 59,899 females.